Massive Python with Deer Inside: Understanding the Predatory Prowess of these Reptiles

Python With A Deer Inside Of It

Where I came from, deer had only to worry about coyotes and bobcats as predators, but now they have to worry about Burmese Pythons eating them!

In Florida, this is not just a possibility but a documented reality, as invasive Burmese pythons consume large native animals like deer. This article examines the incident, its repercussions on local wildlife, and the efforts to address the invasive python challenge.

Scroll down to see the incredible video!

Key Takeaways

  • Burmese pythons, an invasive species in Florida, have the ability to consume prey larger than themselves, exemplified by a python eating a deer weighing more than the python itself, signaling a severe threat to native wildlife.
  • These pythons have caused a significant decrease in native mammal populations within the Everglades, negatively affecting the ecosystem’s health and biodiversity.
  • Efforts to manage the Burmese python population include using advanced technology for tracking, targeted removal programs, public engagement initiatives, and collaboration between researchers, government agencies, and the community.

The Unbelievable Case of a Python Consuming a Deer

The Burmese python, an invasive species in Florida, recently sent shockwaves through the scientific community and beyond. A stunning example of their predatory capabilities was documented when a Burmese python in Southwest Florida consumed a white-tailed deer weighing a hefty 35 pounds—surpassing its own weight of 31.5 pounds. This extraordinary event highlights not just the python’s capacity to subdue significant prey, but it may also represent a record for the prey/predator weight ratio in pythons globally.

Such an occurrence underscores the potential threat these reptiles pose to the region’s native wildlife.

The Discovery

April 7, 2015, marked a day of great significance for wildlife biologists and land managers in Collier County, as they encountered an 11-foot female Burmese python sporting an unmistakably distended body—a clear sign of a recent large meal. The discovery of the Burmese python eating an adult white tailed deer was profound, demonstrating the invasive species’ capability of preying on sizeable animals within the ecosystem.

This particular python’s meal choice provided a stark visual of the potential magnitude of the adult pythons’ impact as invasive snakes on the local fauna.

RELATED: Deer Eating A Snake

Implications for Native Wildlife

The presence of Burmese pythons in Florida has led to a stark decline in native mammal populations within the Everglades ecosystem, with species like raccoons, opossums, and bobcats experiencing drops in numbers between 85 to 100 percent due to python predation. This invasive species’ appetite for white-tailed deer, in particular, causes concern for the ecosystem.

By preying on young deer before they can reproduce, pythons could significantly disrupt the deer population’s stability and future. The ripple effects of these declines are far-reaching, even altering the dynamics of the Everglades’ food web, as evidenced by the decreased predation on artificial turtle nests in python-heavy areas.

Whitetail deer are also the number one food source for panthers in southwest Florida

Burmese Pythons: An Invasive Species Wreaking Havoc in Florida

Burmese Python In Southwest Florida

Heaviest Burmese Python Ever Captured In Florida. Weighing In At 215 Pounds and 18 Feet Long. Conservancy of Southwest Florida

Burmese pythons, an invasive species, have established a firm foothold in Florida, particularly in the Everglades ecosystem. Their population has grown exponentially, with sightings skyrocketing between 2008 and 2024. These snakes, which can reach over 18 feet in length and weigh up to 200 pounds, are adept at blending into the Everglades’ environment due to their coloring and behavior.

As smooth-scaled, lengthy constrictors, they are distinguishable from the state’s native snake species and pose a significant threat to the local wildlife due to their predatory nature and capacity for ecological disruption.

How Did They Get Here?

The introduction of Burmese pythons to Florida’s wilds is primarily attributed to the pet trade, with many of these exotic animals being released or escaping into areas like the Everglades National Park. The population was significantly bolstered when Hurricane Andrew, in 1992, wreaked havoc on a breeding facility, inadvertently releasing many snakes into the environment. These events led to the establishment of large breeding populations, particularly in Miami-Dade, Monroe, and Collier counties, confirming the extensive proliferation of Burmese pythons in and around the Everglades, as southwest Florida documented.

Threats to Native Wildlife

The introduction of the Burmese python has led to a dramatic decrease in native mammal sightings within the Everglades, such as raccoons, opossums, and bobcats, by as much as 88% to 100% due to predation by these invasive snakes. The ecological impacts are profound, as the pythons also consume imperiled species, including wood storks and Key Largo woodrats, contributing to ecological imbalance and threatening these vulnerable species’ existence.

The long-term consequences of such predation on the Everglades’ food web and biodiversity are a source of ongoing concern and study.

Tracking and Studying Burmese Pythons

To gain the upper hand in the battle against invasive Burmese pythons in Florida, researchers have turned to advanced technology. The use of radio telemetry and GPS devices during mating and breeding seasons facilitates more effective removal efforts by tracking the invasive snakes’ movements. Furthermore, the employment of detection dogs in the Florida Everglades has demonstrated increased efficiency in locating the snakes compared to human search methods.

This collaborative effort between wildlife biologists, university scholars, and other experts is critical for understanding the pythons’ effects on food webs and formulating effective control measures.

Radio Transmitters and GPS Devices

Advanced tracking tools, such as radio transmitters and GPS devices, are employed by researchers to monitor Burmese python movements and habitat preferences. These tools enable the collection of valuable insights into the snakes’ behavior, such as defining their home ranges and understanding their preferred habitats within the Everglades.

The tracking projects evaluate advanced tools that aim to minimize resource usage and increase the efficiency of data collection during python telemetry.

Targeting Breeding Females

Eggs From A Breeding Female Burmese Python

Focusing on breeding female pythons is a critical strategy in managing the Burmese python population. These female pythons can lay up to 100 eggs, significantly influencing the overall python numbers. Researchers track breeding female python to gain insights into their reproductive patterns, which is essential for estimating the python population and implementing control strategies.

By pinpointing the location of breeding females during the breeding season, which attract males through sex pheromones, wildlife managers can identify mating groups and target them for removal.

Strategies to Control and Remove Invasive Pythons

Researchers Carrying A Huge Burmese Python In Southwest Florida

Heaviest Burmese Python Ever Captured In Florida. Weighing In At 215 Pounds and 18 Feet Long. Conservancy of Southwest Florida

In the face of the Burmese python invasion, a multi-faceted approach to control and removal is being implemented in Florida. By identifying common-use areas where individual pythons’ core-use areas overlap near roads, experts can determine optimal locations for targeted python control efforts.

The success of such targeted control measures is demonstrated by the rapid response of wildlife managers in preventing the spread of other invasive constrictors, such as the Northern African python, showcasing the importance of immediate action in python management.

Public Awareness and Reporting

Public engagement is a cornerstone of the strategy to control invasive Burmese pythons. The Florida Python Challenge is a prime example of how public awareness about invasive species can be raised while also encouraging participation in python removal efforts. The challenge not only includes cash prize incentives for the removal of the most pythons but also demonstrates inclusivity by introducing categories such as a military division, emphasizing the role of service members in conservation efforts.

Removal Programs and Initiatives

Collaboration is a key factor in the development of effective python management strategies. An environmental science project manager leads a python removal project that unites the following organizations, focusing on integrating insights from python ecology with removal tactics:

  • University of Florida
  • USGS
  • FWC

The use of tracking devices on previously captured Burmese pythons enhances the effectiveness of these removal projects, proving the value of research-driven methods.

Additionally, the success of detection dogs in the EcoDogs program at Auburn University has led to their use in the Everglades, demonstrating the importance of innovative strategies in the ongoing battle against invasive pythons.

The Future of Python Management in Florida

As the fight against invasive Burmese pythons in Florida continues, the future of python management looks toward innovative solutions and increased collaboration. Some potential strategies include:

  • Research on detection dogs and infrared technology to enhance tracking efforts
  • Exploiting python behavior through pheromone-based trapping
  • Increased collaboration between researchers, government agencies, and local communities

These approaches show promise in improving the efficiency and effectiveness of python management efforts.

Furthermore, statistical modeling is being employed by Ian Bartoszek to predict python movement patterns, improving strategies for their capture and containment.

Innovative Tracking Methods

Innovations in tracking are essential for improving python detection and removal efforts. Movements of individual pythons have been correlated with air temperature, suggesting that environmental factors play a role in their spatial ecology. This insight informs the development of new tracking techniques, such as infrared technology, which could be particularly effective during cooler months when these cold-blooded reptiles seek warmth.

Collaboration with Universities and Organizations

The collaborative research project developed by universities, researchers, and organizations targets the invasive Burmese python species to better understand their behavior, habitat preferences, and population dynamics. This collaboration facilitates the sharing of data and insights between various stakeholders, which is invaluable for developing more effective python management strategies.

Universities contribute significantly to this research by offering analytical tools and methodologies for tracking and managing invasive python populations.


In conclusion, the invasive Burmese python presents a formidable challenge to Florida’s ecosystems, with its predatory prowess and rapid population growth causing significant ecological impacts. The collaborative efforts of researchers, wildlife managers, and the public are essential in developing effective strategies to track, study, and manage this species. As technology and knowledge evolve, so too does the ability to combat the python threat, offering hope for the restoration and protection of Florida’s native wildlife and habitats.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can a python eat a deer whole?

Yes, a python can eat a deer whole, but it's not a common occurrence.

Was the 16 foot Burmese python caught in Florida?

Yes, the 16-foot Burmese python was caught in Florida during a hunt in February.

What is the biggest animal a python has eaten?

The biggest animal a python has eaten is a white-tailed deer, with the largest python ever captured weighing 215 pounds and having recently consumed one.

What python was killed in the Everglades?

A 16-foot-long Burmese python was captured and killed in the Florida Everglades. This invasive species has been wreaking havoc on local ecosystems for decades.

How can the public participate in controlling the Burmese python population?

You can participate in programs like the Florida Python Challenge to help remove pythons and raise awareness about invasive species. Get involved today to help control the Burmese python population!

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John VanDerLaan

John VanDerLaan is the managing editor here at He oversees a team of editors, writers and pro staff that are subject matter experts in hunting and hunting gear. John's expertise includes thoroughly testing all types of hunting gear, as well as hunting all over the U.S. and Canada. While his hunting expertise includes game birds, small game and large game, his favorite game animal is the whitetail deer and he loves to share the knowledge that he has gained over 40 years of chasing the wily whitetail with both archery gear and firearms. John is an active member of the Outdoor Writers Association of America.

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